Revolutionaries have played a fundamental role in the progressive nature of politics by boldly standing against oppression and injustice, in order to bring about needed change. A revolutionary is defined as any person or group of people that bring about a complete or dramatic change by overthrowing existing establishments, ideas, or systems. Courageous men have fought against the unjust rule of power for centuries, hence emboldening the notion that revolution is a necessity in the evolutionary imbalance between strict laws and human rights.

                   The most powerful nation in history was resurrected by the revolutionary acts of everyday colonial citizens banding together to form resistance against an oppressive British rule. The colonists were unjustly taxed, regulated, and unrepresented in the English system. They were the slaves of a government ever so far away and aggressive. Men like Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Franklin, John Hancock and others adjourned in Philadelphia one fateful day to address the colonial grievances, but there pleas for justice fell on deaf ears. These men could have passively succumbed to the powerful empire, but instead they decided to fight for their rights. The Declaration of Independence was soon derived, and the fight for sovereignty became the last remaining resort for freedom and liberty. The men that formulated the United States constitution knew that their signatures on the document would result in potential treason and death if the uprising were to fail. Nevertheless, the colonists marched forward with the slogan, “Give me liberty or give me death!” When all other forms of peaceful resolution were dissolved, it became a moral duty of every colonist to fight the oppression of an unjust existence. Thomas Jefferson made this clear when he stated, “When wrongs are pressed because it is believed they will be borne, resistance becomes morality.” Heroic revolutionaries started the revolution that lead to the formation of the United States of America, the world’s beacon of freedom and liberty. 

                        Martin Luther King urged men to stand up for freedom, “Change does not roll in on the wheels of inevitability, but comes through continuous struggle. And so we must straighten our backs and work for our freedom. A man can’t ride you unless your back is bent.” He was a revolutionary clergyman who preached non-violence to spread the message of equality across a nation blind to acceptance and tolerance. He stood up with courage and charisma against the status quo in a dogmatic America hardened to rock with racism, discrimination, intolerance, and segregation. He refused to silence his voice when it was dangerous to speak, he refused to sit idle when it was dangerous to protest, he dared to demand equality when there was no light at the end of the tunnel, and he walked with his head high when some felt he had no right for equality. He could have just accepted the way life was and always had been, but instead he preached that those who stood silent in the face of oppression were just as evil as the oppressors. Change was no longer an option but a necessity for all free men to live a righteous life regardless of color. Countless were inspired to march to the drum of equality and humanity bound by love. The struggle was not easy as protestors were met with batons, tear gas, water hoses, lynching, and racism. The struggle to change minds that had been shaped by centuries of inhumane slavery and inferiority was a revolutionary act that defied all odds. Martin Luther King was assassinated for inciting energy into the civil rights movement by the far fringes of stagnant society unable to accept revolution and the change it brings forth. He sacrificed his life fighting against injustice, dying for the dream that soon became a reality due to his struggle, “I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin, but by the content of their character.”

                   An unknown man stood alone against China and its army amidst a struggle for freedom. The Tiananmen protests of 1989 resulted in a horrific massacre of thousands of men and women seeking democratic reform in an authoritarian People’s Republic of China. The protestors wanted to live without fear, protest for their beliefs, express their thoughts freely, and live a life of freedom and liberty. All men have the right to live a free life instead of being mere economical subjects of powerful rulers. Life deteriorates as the human conscience is forced into repression. The protestors fatefully decided to stand up for justice by no longer concealing their frustrations with the oppressive government of China. Intellectuals, labor activists, civil rights reformers, and everyday Chinese men and women decided that change was dire, and the fight worth possible imprisonment and death. In response, the government of China sent the army to restore order in Tiananmen Square backed with a line of tanks to instill fear. The world watched in utter shock as a man carrying a briefcase fearlessly walked out into the middle of the street and stood before the line of tanks. He planted himself in front of the tanks – alone he stood. That decision was suicide as he sacrificed himself for the rest. He decided that he could no longer watch the injustice and stand silent. That unknown Chinese protestor, who was so sick of a life with no freedom, became a symbol to the rest of the world depicting man’s struggle with modern oppression. The revolutionary act of standing alone in front of a line of tanks in a time of civil disobedience for freedom signifies a power in all men to make a difference and stand against the powers of oppression. No one will ever know what happened to that man or his name. He died for his people and sparked courage in his society not for fame but for freedom. The massacre that ensued left thousands imprisoned and dead in Tiananmen Square. No one died in vain for the seed of revolution was firmly planted by all those courageous protestors, and one-day freedom will surely grow out of the oppressive soil of China.

                     Revolution is the act of man regaining a life of freedom and liberty from the oppressive systems that deem it necessary to strip them away for power. There is a constant struggle between the oppressor and the oppressed in organized society, because there has never existed a perfect equilibrium between righteous laws and human rights. The seats of power and position always seek to gain more control, while the people who are under the constant supervision of power always seek more freedom and liberty. When government and rule begin to fringe upon the very inalienable human rights provided by the sacred laws of nature and consciousness, mankind has an obligation to fight for freedom. Civil disobedience becomes a fundamental path to seek reform and revolution, a change worthy of uplifting humanity to its full potential. Revolutionaries are painted as terrorists in the eyes of the oppressors, and are unsuccessfully demoralized through propaganda. They become a threat to the oppressive powers that be. However, The strength and struggle of courageous revolutionaries have forced societies to evolve and progress through the long halls of history, and will continue to for centuries to come. Man’s struggle against oppression will be an endless one against many oppressors still to overcome, and many revolutionaries still to continue fighting.